Welcome to BSIP

Professor Birbal Sahni, FRS, established the Institute in the year 1946 to explore and develop palaeobotany as a science in itself, visualizing its potential in solving issues of origin and evolution of plant life, other geological issues including exploration of fossil fuels. Originally plant fossil and related studies based, the mandate of the BSIP was recently expanded to combine it with other areas of palaeosciences, and creating modern facilities to achieve this end. The newly widened mandate aims to look at

  • Understanding origin and evolution of life through time
  • Understanding climate change in recent and deep geological times
  • Understanding past civilization and human history
  • Application of palaeosciences to exploration programmes of oil and coal industry

BSIP is striving to attain excellence in R&D through a dedicated scientific team together with integrated innovative ideas in basic and applied research. In its broadest sense, the BSIP seeks to interpret plant life evolution and geological processes involved, and environmental evolution through time.

Prof. Birbal Sahni, FRS
Founder BSIP
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Dr. (Mrs.) Vandana Prasad
Director (wef June 11, 2019)
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Research Highlights

Babushkina EA, Zhirnova DF, Belokopytova LV, Mehrotra N, Shah SK, Keler VV, Vaganov EA. 2021. Prospects of Using Tree-Ring Earlywood and Latewood Width for Reconstruction of Crops Yield on Example of South Siberia. Forests 12: 174 doi.org/10.3390/f12020174     View PDF

Ali S., Phartiyal B., Taloor A., Arif M., Singh B.P. 2021. Provenance, weathering and paleoclimatic records of the Pliocene-Pleistocene sequences of the Himalayan foreland basin, NW Himalaya. Arabian Journal of Geosciences 14:198 doi.org/10.1007/s12517-021-06461-4     View PDF

Yadava AK, Misra KG, Singh V, Misra S, Sharma YK, Kotlia BS, 2021. 244-year long tree-ring based drought records from Uttarakhand, western Himalaya, India, Quaternary International doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2020.12.038     View PDF

Phartiyal B, Singh R, Nag D et al. 2021. Reconstructing climate variability during the last four millennia from trans-Himalaya (Ladakh-Karakoram, India) using multiple proxies. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2020.105103     View PDF

Tripathi D, Kotlia BS, Tiwari M, Pokharia AK, Agrawal S, Kumar P, Long T, Paulramasamy M, Thakur B, Pal J, Mahar KS, Chauhan DK. 2020. New evidence of mid- to late- Holocene vegetation and climate change from a Neolithic settlement in western fringe of Central Ganga Plain: Implications for Neolithic to Historic phases. The Holocene doi.org/10.1177/0959683620972770     View PDF

Joshi P, Phartiyal B, Joshi M. 2020. Hydro-climatic variability during last five thousand years and its impact on human colonization and cultural transition in Ladakh sector, India. Quaternary International. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2020.09.053     View PDF

Phartiyal B, Kapur VV, Nag N, Sharma A. 2020. Spatio-temporal climatic variations during the last five millennia in Ladakh Himalaya (India) and its links to archaeological finding(s) (including coprolites) in a palaeoecological and palaeoenvironmental context: A reappraisal. Quaternary International. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2020.11.025     View PDF

Su T, Spicer RA, Wu F-X, …. Srivastava G et al. 2020. A Middle Eocene lowland humid subtropical “Shangri-La” ecosystem in central Tibet. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2012647117     View PDF

Bhatia H, Srivastava G, Spicer RA et al. 2021. Leaf physiognomy records the Miocene intensification of the South Asia Monsoon. Global and Planetary Change 196: 103365. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2020.103365     View PDF