BSIP at a Glance
Professor Birbal Sahni, FRS, and a great visionary, established the Institute as Institute of Palaeobotany in the year 1946 to establish palaeobotany as a science in itself. He envisaged that palaeobotany as discipline has immense prospects in solving issues of origin and evolution of plant life, other geological issues including exploration of fossil fuels. Initially, the institute laid emphasis on studying the plant fossils across geological time span and their related aspects. However, institute has widened its research dimensions and significantly expanded its mandate in the year 2015, and was renamed as (Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences), accommodating a more holistic approach with reinforced strategies to pursue palaeosciences under one roof and cater enhancing needs of the country amidst global change. The newly widened mandate aims to look at
- Understanding origin and evolution of life through time
- Understanding climate change in recent and deep geological times
- Understanding past civilization and human history
- Application of palaeosciences to exploration programmes of oil and coal industry
BSIP is striving to attain excellence in R&D through a dedicated scientific team together with integrated
innovative ideas in basic and applied research. The main research work involves the understanding of biotic
evolution through geological time. Emphasis has been made to derive knowledge about the diversification of
Precambrian life; diversity, distribution, origin, evolution of Gondwana and Cenozoic flora in a phylogenetic
framework, intra- and inter-basinal correlation during Gondwanan and Cenozoic time-slices and work on organic
petrology to evaluate the quality of Gondwana coals and Cenozoic lignite for their economic utilization. BSIP
has been continuously exploring and diversifying to include sequence biostratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy,
and geochronology to help in the correlation of surface and subsurface sediments, geochemistry, vertebrate
palaeontology, palaeogenomics and exploring areas favourable for fossil fuel deposits.Understanding the link(s)
between climate change and vegetation during the Quaternary Period is also an important part of research at the BSIP.
Origin and antiquity of ancient civilizations, human history and subsequent interventions are also being done using
ancient DNA analysis. It is pertinent to mention that BSIP is working not only pan-India but also working in the polarregions (Arctic/Antarctic) as well.
It is one of those few premiere research institutes where state of the art facilities are available under one roof to facilitate high end research work. Institute is equipped with TL/OSL dating system, IRMS, ICP-MS, GC-MS, XRF, TFIR systems, for geochemical analyses, Palaeomagnetic Laboratory, Vertebrate Palaeontology Dendrochronology Laboratory and Preparation Laboratory, Ancient DNA laboratories, FE-SEM Laboratory, Confocal Laser and Raman Spectroscopy (CLSM) Laboratory and Industrial Micropalaeontology Laboratory. Institute is also looking forward for upcoming facilities namely Clumped Isotope Laboratory, Amber Analysis Laboratory and a Centre for Promotion of Geoheritage and Geotourism (CPGG) which will soon be functional. In addition, the Museum of the Institute offers a rich repository of fossils and also has a rich collection of literature on palaeosciences.
The Institute hosts national/international scientific meets from time to time, and also publishes catalogues, atlases, etc. on special occasions, besides publishing a journal Journal of Palaeosciences of international repute.
The Institute, is presently functioning as an autonomous research organization under the aegis of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India.